Kỹ năng làm bài đọc IELTS-Phần 2: Chọn tiêu đề cho các đoạn đọcCập nhật: Thứ Hai, 12/03/2012 18:59 (TAPL) Như chúng ta đã biết, bài thi đọc IELTS được thiết kế để kiểm tra khả năng đọc hiểu của người thi đối với các chủ đề khác nhau. Cụ thể đối với phần “Chọn tiêu đề cho các đoạn bài đọc” trong phần thi đọc của IELTS, người thi sẽ bị kiểm tra ở các khả năng sau: • Matching headings with paragraphs tests your ability to understand general information; • Look always for the most general heading. This may be the first paragraph or the conclusion; • Always do exercises with headings first, as the headings summarize the text. They help you scan the answers to the other questions; • Look at any titles with the passage; • Look at the example, if there is one. Don’t just cross it out. It may be the introduction, which organizes the other headings; • The example may be of the second or another paragraph. Still use the heading to predict the headings next to it. • If there are only a few paragraph headings to match there will probably not be an example; • Read the instructions. Check if you can use a heading more than once. • Sometimes there are more paragraphs than headings, so you need to skim quickly; • If the list of headings is long, reveal them one at a time to stop panicking. Technique 1: analyze the grammar and vocabulary in the headings • Distinguish between the two types of words used: information specific to the paragraph and organizing words; • Organizing words like plural countable words are common, e.g. causes, reasons, dangers, examples, etc. Learn to recognize how these are expressed in a text. Be aware of similar words; Note that the specific information about the paragraph is added on to these organizing words: (causes) of poverty in urban areas; [different levels] of urban poverty. Note hold the phrases in italics narrow the meaning of the organizing words in brackets. Use this division of information to help you skim/scan paragraphs. Look for paragraph information in the rest of the heading; • Plural organizing words indicate the paragraph has more than one idea or a list of ideas probably with an introduction. • A paragraph can be organized around uncountable words: damage, etc. it can be organized around countable singular nouns where the paragraph is describing one item: a comparison, impact, development, etc. Technique 2: search for connections between headings • Headings are usually connected with each other; • Check for a heading that looks specific; it could be a detail in a paragraph and therefore a distracter for a general heading. If you removed this detail from the paragraph, would it still remain intact? • A heading that looks specific could be a heading for paragraph describing just one detail. • Check for headings that relate to each other: cause/effect; problem/solution; • Check for with adjectives, which qualify nouns. Make sure the heading covers all aspects of the paragraph. Do not forget about the adjective or other qualifying phrases. • Headings can have two pieces of information where one is referring back to the previous paragraph. Advanced techniques: • Read the headings and skim a paragraph quickly. Make a decision quickly. • Expand the heading into a sentence. This might make the meaning clearer; • When you find the general theme or focus of the paragraph, stop skimming and match quickly. • Once you have matched the headings, read them in order and see if the sequence makes sense. • When you check, avoid looking at the detail, as it can make you change your mind. • Predict a possible sequence of headings before you look at the text; • If a paragraph is difficult, use the various skimming techniques focusing on text development. Always look for change of direction in a text. • Skim each paragraph in turn and then decide very quickly what it is about. Make your own heading in a couple of words. Then look at the list of headings and match.