Kỹ năng làm bài đọc IELTS-Phần 3: Chọn câu/ý tương ứng với đoạn đọc


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    Kỹ năng làm bài đọc IELTS-Phần 3: Chọn câu/ý tương ứng với đoạn đọc
    Cập nhật: Thứ Ba, 13/03/2012 17:00

    (TAPL) Như chúng ta đã biết, bài thi đọc IELTS được thiết kế để kiểm tra khả năng đọc hiểu của người thi đối với các chủ đề khác nhau. Cụ thể đối với phần “Chọn câu/ý tương ứng với đoạn đọc” trong phần thi đọc của IELTS, kinh nghiệm làm phần thi này như sau:
    • As there are usually more paragraphs than sentences/phrases, you need to scan quickly;
    • The sentences can relate to specific detail in a text. Look for general nouns, which summarize, like “description, references, cause effect, importance, etc. The words can be both singular and plural;
    • As well as phrases linked to a general noun, there may be clauses introduced by how statements of fact: the fact that….;
    • Plural words are likely to indicate that the phrase/sentence covers a whole paragraph, so it is like a heading. A singular noun can also cover a whole or a part of a paragraph;
    • If the phrases look like headings or lists, then look for a series of points;
    • When you have found the information, check that the focus of the phrase paraphrase summarizes the text.

    Kỹ năng làm bài đọc trong IELTS-Phần 4: Trả lời các câu hỏi lựa chọn
    Trả lời các câu hỏi lựa chọn (multiple choice questions) luôn là một phần dễ ăn điểm trong phần đọc. Tuy vậy, bạn vẫn phải cẩn thận với phần thi này. Vì nếu chỉ cần lựa chọn sai một câu, bạn có nguy cơ bị sai ít nhất hai câu trong phần thi này. Sau đây là một số mẹo để bạn có thể làm phần này tốt hơn.
    • In some cases, there may be five alternatives (A-E) rather than four. If there are five alternatives, you may have to choose one or more answers.
    • Multiple-choice questions are like True, False, Not Given question. One of the alternatives crates a statement, which is True. The other three are either contradictions or Not Given.
    • Multiple-Choice questions test specific detail where you are asked to analyse one part of a text, e.g. a fact.
    • A multiple choice question can test your understanding of the whole text, e.g a question at the end about the purpose of the passage or with possible titles or summaries.

    Stage 1
    • Skim read all the questions for the passage to get the general picture.
    • As you practice and in the exam itself, cover the alternatives (A-D) with a pencil or a piece of paper and read the stem only.
    • Focus on content words like nouns, names, verbs, etc. and also words that qualify the part of the sentence. Distinguish between the general topic of the passage and specific scanning words.
    • Words that help qualify the stem help you to match it with an alternative and vice versa. So look for words like more, usually, modals like should, etc. and words that add qualities.
    • Predict the answer where you can and try to complete the stem yourself. If the stem contains a cause, then you probably want an effect at the end of the sentence.
    • Reveal the first alternative and think about it quickly. Again focus on content and qualifying words.
    • Read the stem again and reveal each of the alternatives in turn. It is easy to forget about the stem by the time you get to alternative D!
    • Underline words that will help you as you scan.

    Stage 2
    • Group the alternatives. Look for information that the alternatives have in common or that is different. The alternatives may all be variations of the same basic detail with one piece of information that is different. There may be two alternatives that are similar and two that are very different. There may be two alternatives that contradict each other.
    • Remember that if alternatives are the same, neither can be the answer.
    • Keeping in mind the general picture of the passage, read the alternatives and predict the answer. Scan the passage to locate the answer and check your prediction.
    • To prevent panic, think about the question and the text separately.
    • When you are checking your prediction with the text, read the relevant part of the test and look away from the page when you are thinking.

    Other strategies
    • When you predict the answer by matching the stem with an alternative, think about which information logically fits together. Keep in mind the logic of the other questions and the passage.
    • Re the answers to the multiple choice questions you have done. Check that they form a logical picture.
    • Do not answer the questions in isolation from each other.
    • A variation of the standard multiple choice question is where you chose two items mentioned by the writer from a list of five. The same techniques apply.
    nguon : tapl.edu.vn​