Kỹ năng làm bài đọc IELTS-Phần 4: trả lời câu hỏi True, False, Not Given


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    Kỹ năng làm bài đọc IELTS-Phần 4: trả lời câu hỏi True, False, Not Given

    Cập nhật: Thứ Ba, 13/03/2012 17:02

    (TAPL) Giống như phần câu hỏi Yes, No, Not Given trong bài đọc IELTS, phần trả lời câu hỏi Đúng, Sai, Không đề cập là một phần gây nhiều nhầm lẫn cho người thi. Để giúp các bạn có thêm kỹ năng đối với phần thi này, TAPL xin đưa ra một số mẹo nhỏ sau đây:

    Trước hết, phải làm rõ thế nào là một câu True, hoặc False, hoặc Not Given.
    • In True/False exercises, False covers False and Not Given. I a statement is not True according to the text, it is classed as False. The statement can be False because (1) it contradicts the information in some way; (2) there is no information about the statement in the passage. These two aspects of False can then become separate items False and Not Given.
    • A False statement contradicts the information in a passage because: (1) it is the direct opposite of the original text, e.g. the text says North, but the statement says South; (2) it is the negative of the meaning in the original text; (3) it is neither of these, but it is not the same as the information in the text.

    Thứ hai, một số mẹo nhỏ.
    Technique 1: Analysing the statements
    • If you read the statements in sequence, you can sometimes see where the information moves from relating to one paragraph to the next paragraph. Practise reading this type of statement without the text to see the development.
    • Turn the statement into a question. You then have to answer Yes/No. If you can’t, the answer is Not Given.
    • Find the central or focal point of the statement. Imagine that you are reading the statement aloud- where is the likely stress in the sentence?
    • Look for words that qualify the sentence or make the sentence restrictive like only, little, not many, sometimes, usually, largely, etc. or agents like by the police, etc. or impersonal phrases like it is suggested.
    • Look for words that are negative, e.g. ignore, refuse, deny, reject or words that are positive like cover, help, like, fovour, etc.
    • Look for comparisons of any kind;
    • Check for further/previous plans/projects/ideas, etc. Maybe no information is given about “others”.
    • Reveal the statements one at a time to help you focus on them.

    Technique 2: predicting and checking
    • When you are thinking about the statement, use common sense to predict the answer. Check your prediction in the text.
    • Understand the statement before you look at the text. Don’t just underline the words that help you to scan for the answer in the text.
    • When you find the information, analyse the text without thinking about the statement. This will stop you getting confused. Then read the statement carefully, look at the text and decide.
    • When you are making your decision, follow the process of reading the statement, then the text.
    • If you read the statement, the text and then the statement again, you may get the wrong answer. For example:
    Text: The price will fall soon.
    Statement: The price will go down.
    Answer: True
    Compare with the following:
    Text: The price will go down.
    Statement: The price will fall soon.
    Answer: Not Given

    • When you finished, read the statements again in sequence and see if your answers fit the overall picture you have of the passage.

    Thứ ba, trả lời câu hỏi Yes, No, Not Given
    • The principles are the same as for True, False, Not Given. This type of question is used to analyse the claims or opinions of a writer.
    • You need to make sure that the opinions that are given are those of the writer and not opinions of others reported by the writer.
    • Questions can contain statements which pass a judgement on or evaluate a situation which is described in the text.
    • Always check for any adjective that judges a situation, e.g. sensible, difficult demanding. Any adjective can pass a judgement, even simple adjectives like big: that building is big. Another person may agree!
    • Check always for adverbs in the question like never, always, frequently, carefully, etc as they will also change the meaning of a basic statement.
    • Check for questions which contain reasons: because, as, since, etc.
    • Check for any mention of development progression change…. Increasing/increasingly/rapidly … is improving … Ask yourself if change is taking place.
    • Check for contrast with numbers, e.g. a solution in the question as opposed to a range of solutions in the text. Distinguish between general and specific.

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